Fabric dye is nothing but the colored active material that enable various materials and fibers to be dyed. It binds chemically to the substance that it’s applied to. This makes fabric dye different from synthetic pigments, as synthetic pigments do not chemically bind to the substance they color. The dyes used for fabric dyeing are usually in the form of capsules or droplets which are injected into the fabrics. Some dyes also undergo evaporation to form the colorant crystals.
Fabric dyeing has come a long way since its inception. Back in the eighteenth century, fabric dye was used by the textile workers to color their work wear and materials. The early dyes were made from spices and plants like the indigo powder. These were ground up and then mixed with a few drops of water before application.
The first fabric dye came in the form of a pigment that could be applied by mixing paint. Later on, glues and caulk were also used to apply the dye. These days, the most common type of fabric dye is in the form of a liquid dye. This is applied through a spraying process and then allowed to dry.
Other names given to fabric dye are fiber-reactive dyes and permanent fabric dye. Fiber-reactive dyes are dyes that can be reactivated when soaked with water after application. As such, they can be recycled by the manufacturer. This kind of fabric dye is very popular in manufacturing because it does not have a very long lifespan; however, the fiber-reactive dyes can be made into permanent fabric dye by applying heat.
Permanent fabric dye is still being explored by manufacturers. Some of them have been successful in using this kind of fabric dye to make clothing items like t-shirts. But this type of fabric dyeing process has not yet been perfected. One difficulty is that the dye does not set well and tends to fade after being exposed to light. Another problem is that these dyes tend to stain clothing items because the heat evaporates the water in the fabric during the dyeing process.
There is another type of fabric dye called cellulose fiber-reactive dyes. It is a compound mixture of hydrogen peroxide and cellulose fibers. In fact, there are three distinct kinds of cellulose fibers found in fabric dye: polyester, nylon, and Lycra. All three of these fibers can react to fabric dye because of their different chemical makeup.
Some manufacturers have tried using it dye more liquid dye in fabric dyeing processes. This particular brand of dye has proven to be less toxic compared to other similar brands. Its side effects are also milder than those of other dyes. However, some fabric dye products in the market contain concentrated forms of rit dye more liquid dye which can cause severe skin reactions like redness, burning, itchiness, and rash.
Most fabric dye manufacturers recommend using non-volatile organic fiber-reactive dyes for fabric dyeing. These dyes, like cellulose fibers, tend to penetrate the top layers of most fabrics easily. They can also last longer than volatile organic dye because they do not stain fabrics. They may require a longer dyeing process but they give your clothes a even and rich shade.
Vibrant colors created by fiber-reactive dyes will eventually fade. To maintain its intensity, manufacturers add a special lightening ingredient to their fabric dye products. This ingredient is found under the brand name of “carotenoids.” The good thing about using carotenoids is that it does not fade fabric because it only gives a faint yellow color to faded clothing. In contrast, vat dyeing uses a complex series of chemical reactions that produce a deep blue color.
Vibrant colors produced by fabric dyeing also tend to bleed and pill. Bleeding fabrics can either look like they have undergone continual bleaching or they can appear blotchy and faded. Pill stains are often visible under heavier clothing. Therefore, we suggest that you only use vat dyed garments on lighter-colored clothing.
When you are dyeing your own garments, it is best to choose the exact fabric that you will be dyeing. For example, if you want to dye black skirt, choose blouses made from cotton and don’t dye them black. The wrong fabric dye may damage the garment beyond repair. Choose the correct fabric type to get the best dye result.